Tree felling involves the process of cutting down a tree. It can be done by a person or a machine. A machine is called a feller buncher, and it can either fell a single large tree, or group several smaller trees. It is an efficient way to remove a large tree.
The process of tree felling begins with a climber cutting sections of the trunk from the top down. Typically, sections are twelve to eighteen feet in length, depending on the type of wood and the drop zone below the tree. The climber will continue cutting until the tree is down. Once the tree is down, the climber will make sure to leave a stump flush with the ground.
A climber will use a climbing harness and lanyard, a chainsaw, ropes, and spurs. In certain cases, they will also use a crane. Regardless of how you approach this process, you must be well-trained and properly equipped. Also, you must consider your safety. You should wear a hard hat and goggles, as well as long pants and sleeves.
A recent study tested whether pre-felling climber cutting reduces logging damage. In the forest, there were over 100 large lianas per hectare. The lianas had a very high resprouting capacity, but their mortality rate was low. The average felling gap was 550 mA2. The climber cutting did not significantly reduce tree mortality or damage levels.
Before you get out your axe for tree felling, it’s important to understand how to use it correctly. Falling axes have a low, rounded cutting edge and are used to cut across the grain of the tree. The first swing should make a cut that is about knee to waist-high and penetrate about one-third of the tree’s trunk. It’s also important to make the first cut at a 45-degree angle.
Depending on how much weight you need, you can choose a smaller or larger axe for felling trees. Typically, a standard felling axe has a head weight of about 3.5 pounds, while a smaller felling axe may weigh less than two pounds. Smaller axes may be more comfortable for smaller people.
Axes should be sharpened to ensure that they’re sharp. This includes using a fine-toothed flat file or a whetstone. A flat file will easily cut away the worn metal along the edge, while a whetstone will sharpen both sides of the axe.
When cutting down a tree, you need a chainsaw. You’ll also need a stump removal chemical and a drill. Safety glasses and goggles are also essential when working with a chainsaw. When cutting large sections of a tree, use wedges to separate sections from one another.
If a tree falls on someone, you may be responsible for their injuries. Before felling a tree, you should clear the area of any brushy stems that may tangle with your clothing or obstruct escape when the tree falls. In addition, you should be aware of the location of structures nearby, including power lines.
When using a chainsaw, you should be sure that it’s properly maintained and you have the proper skills for the job. You should also check the weather before using the chainsaw and make sure you’re not using any drowsy substances.
While felling a tree, it is important to cut a directional notch. It helps direct the tree’s fall, so that it does not hit nearby structures. The direction of the fall is also important, as trees often jump and bounce when they fall. These jumps and bounces can cause injury and even death. To avoid this, it is important to survey the area beforehand, and cut a notch in the tree as needed.
There are a few ways to cut a directional notch. The most common and easiest is the open-faced notch. This type of notch leaves a large stump, and it is generally preferred for trees that are prone to splitting. There are also four different types of directional notches:
A directional notch can be used in conjunction with an open face notch to create a safe fall. This technique helps to minimize the chance of barber chairing, side scarring, and stump pull. It also allows a feller to retreat into an escape route if necessary.